The INSPIRED imaging research study
A new collaborative project looking at developing an improved way of imaging the spinal cord.
ImagiNg SPInal cord injury and assessing its pREDictive value. A quantifiable multi-centre spinal cord neuro-imaging project: INSPIRED.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has revolutionised diagnosis in many fields of medicine but has proved difficult to use in spinal cord injury.
The INSPIRED study aims to develop an improved way of imaging the spinal cord and brain via MRI scan. This improved imagery will capture information that will enhance diagnosis, prognosis, and potentially aid in decision making for treatment and rehabilitation for people with a spinal cord injury.
The clinical part of the study will take place in two international locations, Zurich and Toronto, with MRI experts from other countries being involved in the analysis. The research will use scanners from three different manufacturers and will be the first of its kind to systematically assess and seek to overcome scanner variability.
The studies will focus on patients with trauma at C2/3, the area at the back of the head and the neck.
The majority of research patients will have cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). However, a significant number of patients with a spinal cord injury will be included where there is minimal or no surgical instrumentation in place at C2/3.
CSM and spinal cord injury share several aspects of myelopathy with a combination of alpha-motoneuron damage (lesion of central grey matter) as well as demyelination and axonal damage of long projecting spinal nerve fibre tracts (white matter damage) (Tetreault et al. 2013).
Unlike spinal cord injury, CSM is far more common and progress of the disease is less variable, which will help enormously in identifying standards for use in spinal cord injury.
Experimental objectives and expected outcomes
Ensuring that the MRI scanning process developed is comfortable for the patient and can be done in different locations, with different scanners, to standards that allow direct comparison of imaging information from patient to patient, site to site, scanner to scanner.
To use advanced imaging information to better assess and understand the condition of the spinal cord after injury in order to apply relevant treatments and be able to see the changes over time.